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Symbols of the Voronezh Oblast

The Voronezh Oblast has primary official symbols which denote the state legal status of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation and reflect the identity and traditions of the region, and subsidiary official symbols that reflect the status of public authorities and awards branches.

History tells us that in 1708 after Peter the Great's reforms, when Russia was divided into governorates (Russian 'guberniyas'), each of them was in need for its own coat of arms. It was meant to be depicted on the governorate stamp to symbolize power. At the time a featured artist in heraldry whose name was Count Francesco Santi lived in Amsterdam. Peter the Great requested for Santi to come to Russia, and so Santi did in a few years' time. On April 12, 1722 he became a king of arms in Russia, and after a while nine new emblems appeared in addition to the already existing 33 emblems of Ivan IV.

It was Count Santi who depicted the genuine symbols of the city of Voronezh. In 1700 when the Voronezh warriors fought at Narva, their flags bore images of the eagles with drooping wings sitting on double barreled cannons. When Peter the Great saw that winners had such symbols, he grew indignant and ordered to change them, so that the eagles were raising their wings. Implementing this idea Santi invented the first in the history of the city coat of arms of Voronezh. It featured an image of a single-headed eagle in the upper part and a firing cannon in the green field in the lower part.

Such a depiction was quite symbolic. An eagle emblematized a bold victorious warrior. The green field symbolized the fertility of already famous black soil (Russian 'chernozem') in the area. The double barreled cannon became a prototype of the Russian glory of 1699 when the first cannon foundry producing copper cannons was established in Voronezh.

At present the coat of arms of the city features a jug pouring water. It represents spring waters, since according to some sources, the toponym 'Voronezh' means 'water discharge from the ground'. Such an interpretation dates back to the times of Catherine the Great, when each governorate ('guberniya') had their own inventory. The 1785 inventory describes the Voronezh coat of arms featuring a two-headed eagle in the golden field, and a jug pouring water out. As the time passed, an image of the eagle depicted on stamps faded, so people thought it was a raven which in Russian sounded very much like the city's name ('voron'). Since a raven was considered a dirty bird, the decision was made to depict only a jug pouring silver water.

The main image of both the symbols (the coat of arms and the flag) is an overturned jug which never stops pouring water. The water flow symbolizes the River Don. Blazons of the coat of arms and flag of the Voronezh Oblast from the corresponding law passed by the regional Duma on May 30, 2005 are given below.

Coat of Arms of the Voronezh Oblast:

"Escutcheon: gules dexter a representation of a pile of stones all or with an overturned jug pouring water all argent, surmounted by an imperial crown or. Dexter and sinister argent eagles langued gules, talons and beaks or, raising their wings and stretching them away from the escutcheon. Compartment: two crossed cannon barrels or with flames gules surrounded by argent smoke coming out of their muzzles. The cannon barrels are embraced by golden oak branches crossing under the central part of the escutcheon and stretching downwards and sideways. They are enlaced by two Order of Lenin ribbons gules. ".

 

 

 

Flag:

"Rectangular gules, length-to-width ratio 3:2, with the same image as on the coat of arms, i.e. a pile of stones all or on the hoist side with an overturned jug pouring water all white.".

 

 

 

A blazon and substantiation of the symbols of the coat of arms of the city of Voronezh

Resolution #292-II on approving the official symbols of the urban district of the city of Voronezh "On the Coat of Arms and the Flag of the Municipal Entity 'the Urban District of the City of Voronezh" was adopted by the Voronezh City Duma on September 26, 2008.

Coat of Arms Blazon:

"Escutcheon: gules and or, a two-headed eagle black langued gules each head imperially crowned holding in its dexter talon a sceptre and in its sinister talon a globus cruciger and ensigned with an imperial crown all or. Dexter a pile of stones all or and an overturned jug pouring water all argent. Crest: a mural crown with five turrets or, surrounded by laurel leaves or. Supporters: knights in chain armor and char-aina, wearing nasal helmets with undone ventails, all argent, tabards gules fastened with a brooch on the right shoulder, shirts and high boots, all argent. Dexter the knight holding a sword, with a scabbard on his waist, all or. Sinister the knight holding a hoary almond-shaped shield, a sword in a scabbard on his waist, all or. The shield enlaced with two ribbons gules, dexter the order of Lenin, sinister the order of the Patriotic War 1st class. Compartment: mount vert.

Substantiation of the symbols of the coat of arms of the city of Voronezh:

The figures of the coat of arms depict the city and its dwellers as toilers whose tremendous contribution to the economic, cultural and spiritual development of the Voronezh region and the country is of great importance.

The basis of the composition of the coat of arms of the city of Voronezh is the historical coat of arms of the city approved by the Emperor on September 21, 1781 (Old Style calendar), the genuine description of which reads as follows: "The shield is divided into two parts: there is a two-headed eagle in the golden field, and an overturned jug with the river of Voronezh flowing out (the old coat of arms)". The two-headed eagle in the golden field was given to the city by the Emperor in sign of its distinguished service in the formation and the development of Russia. An eagle is a heraldic symbol of power, strength, courage as well as renovation and parental care. Rising wings represent aspiration for the future.

A silver jug on a pile of stones pouring out silver water is a unique historical symbol of Voronezh. It first appeared on the 1781 coat of arms to represent wealth and fertility of the land. A creation of skilled human hands, the jug also symbolizes the diligence of the city dwellers, and the water pouring out of the jug is a representation of the Voronezh river.

Argent (silver) in heraldry is symbolic of nobility, purity, justice, generosity and peace.

Gules (red) is the color for vital force, fortitude, festivity, beauty and labor which characterizes the city of Voronezh as an industrially developed center.

Gold (or) signifies harvest, exuberance and fertility, thus symbolizing a well developed agrarian sector of economy. At the same time gold represents nobility, respect, honor, mental power, light and spirituality.

A pile of stones in the coat of arms is an emblem of the steep right bank of the city of Voronezh.

A mural crown with five turrets surrounded by golden laurel leaves indicates that the city of Voronezh is an administrative center of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation.

on May 6, 1975 Voronezh was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, 1st class for courage and heroism during the Great Patriotic War and success in labor; and on March 10, 1986 – the Order of Lenin in connection to celebrate 400th anniversary. Decoration ribbons enlacing the shield represent the city's achievements.

The charges, Old Russian warrior knights, symbolize valiance, courage and heroism of the city dwellers defending the Russian lands over the course of history. The city of Voronezh was awarded the title of honor "The City of Military Glory" for the courage, endurance and mass heroism exhibited by the defenders of the city in the struggle for the freedom and independence of the Motherland.

The charges symbolize a few things. They represent the city founded as a fortress to protect the raids of nomadic tribes. They also emblematize Russian voivodes, the city founders of Voronezh, Semyon Saburov and his followers Vasiliy Birkin and Ivan Sudakov-Myasnoy.

On the shield of the warrior is a golden emblem from the regimental color of the Voronezh infantry regiment approved on March 8, 1730: "Escutcheon: or and gules, representation of two copper cannons on mounts, sinister a white single-headed eagle; compartment: mount vert".

A blazon and substantiation of the flag of the city of Voronezh

Resolution #292-II on approving the official symbols of the urban district of the city of Voronezh "On the Coat of Arms and the Flag of the Municipal Entity 'the Urban District of the City of Voronezh" was adopted by the Voronezh City Duma on September 26, 2008.

Flag Blazon:

Rectangular or (1/3 width) and gules, length-to-width ratio 3:2, a two-headed eagle black langued gules each head imperially crowned holding in its dexter talon a sceptre and in its sinister talon a globus cruciger all or. Dexter in the hoist a pile of stones all or and an overturned jug pouring water all argent.

substantiation of the symbols of the flag of Voronezh:

The flag of Voronezh has been made on the basis of the coat of arms and reflects the historical and natural features of the city with the help of the language of symbols and allegories.

The basis of the composition of the coat of arms of the city of Voronezh is the historical coat of arms of the city approved by the Emperor on September 21, 1781 (Old Style calendar), the genuine description of which reads as follows: "The shield is divided into two parts: there is a two-headed eagle in the golden field, and an overturned jug with the river of Voronezh flowing out (the old coat of arms)". The two-headed eagle in the golden field was given to the city by the Emperor in sign of its distinguished service in the formation and the development of Russia. An eagle is a heraldic symbol of power, strength, courage as well as renovation and parental care. Rising wings represent aspiration for the future.

A silver jug on a pile of stones pouring out silver water is a unique historical symbol of Voronezh. It first appeared on the 1781 coat of arms to represent wealth and fertility of the land. A creation of skilled human hands, the jug also symbolizes the diligence of the city dwellers, and the water pouring out of the jug is a representation of the Voronezh river.

A pile of stones in the coat of arms is an emblem of the steep right bank of the city of Voronezh.

Argent (silver) in heraldry is symbolic of nobility, purity, justice, generosity and peace.

Gules (red) is the color for vital force, fortitude, festivity, beauty and labor which characterizes the city of Voronezh as an industrially developed center.

Golden (or) signifies harvest, exuberance and fertility, thus symbolizing a well developed agrarian sector of economy. At the same time gold represents nobility, respect, honor, mental power, light and spirituality.

A pile of stones in the coat of arms is an emblem of the steep right bank of the city of Voronezh.

Thus, the flag of Voronezh thoroughly reflects historical and natural features and resources of the region, as well as the population activity profile with the help of heraldic symbols and allegories.

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